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882 days ago, last commented by mohamad1122

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replied the topic How to get rid of edema? created by hollis

Edema is the noticeable swelling resulting from fluid accumulation in certain body tissues. It is most commonly found in the feet, ankles and legs although it may also affect the face, hands and other parts of the body and body organs. Pregnant women and older adults are often affected with this condition, but it can happen to anyone.

The swelling, also referred to as dependent edema, is brought about by the accumulation of excess fluid beneath the skin in the interstitial spaces or compartments within the body tissues that are outside of the blood vessels. Excess fluid accumulation in the lower regions of the body, such as the ankles, feet, and legs, is referred to as peripheral edema.

Types of Edema

Clinically there are two types of edema – pitting and non-pitting edema. Pitting edema is the term used to describe edema when pressure applied to the skin of the swollen area is released and an indentation is left behind (e.g. when the skin is pressed with a finger or when stockings or socks induce indentation). Non-pitting edema is the term used to describe edema when this pressure-induced indentation does not occur. Non-pitting edema usually occurs in the arms and legs.

Occasionally pitting edema and non-pitting edema can occur without an underlying disease and it is then known as idiopathic edema. This is most common in women who experience it in their legs and feet when they are pre-menstrual or pre-menopausal – it is then often known as cyclical edema.

What are the Symptoms of Edema?

Symptoms of edema may include:

Persistent indentation of the skin (Pitting)
Swollen feet, ankles and legs
Painful skin sensations such as burning, soreness, tingling
Water retention or interstitial fluid
Abdominal bloating
Night sweats
Skin that is warm or hot to the touch
Pictures of Edema

What Causes Edema?

There are many factors that can contribute to the causes of edema. Since it is often related to an underlying condition, it’s important to get a proper diagnosis to be sure of the cause.

Possible Causes of Edema
Pregnancy can cause edema in the legs as the uterus puts pressure on the vena cava, a major blood vessel that returns blood to the heart from the legs, and progesterone relaxes the walls of the blood vessels. Fluid retention during pregnancy also can be caused by a more serious condition called pre-eclampsia.
High blood pressure (Hypertension), liver, kidney and thyroid diseases can cause edema
Being largely overweight or obese. Excess weight can put added pressure on the knee and ankle joints and the lower limbs.
Standing or sitting for long periods of time particularly in hot weather can cause excess fluid to accumulate in feet, ankles and lower legs.
Low protein levels in the blood caused by malnutrition, kidney and liver disease can also cause edema. The proteins help to hold water inside the blood vessels so fluid does not leak out into the tissues. If a blood protein, called albumin, gets too low, fluid leaks out the blood vessels and edema occurs, especially in the feet, ankles and lower legs.
Flying (Air Travel)
Low Blood Pressure
Poor Circulation
Eating food with a high salt content.
Spider & Insect Bites
Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump efficiently, and causes fluid buildup in the lungs and other parts of the body. Swelling is often most visible in the feet and ankles.
Severe chronic (long-term) lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, increase pressure in the blood vessels that lead from the heart to the lungs. This pressure backs up in the heart and the higher pressure causes swelling in the legs and feet.
Tiny valves inside the veins of the legs can become weakened, causing a common problem called venous insufficiency. This makes it more difficult for the veins to pump blood back to the heart, and leads to varicose veins and a buildup of fluid.
Treatments for Edema
Depending on the causes of edema and whether it is temporary or permanent, treating edema usually focuses on treating the condition that is causing it. A low dose of a diuretic (water pill) may be prescribed to reduce the swelling and help you expel the excess fluid, but it is important to remember this just treats the symptom and is not necessarily addressing the cause.

Tips for the Prevention of Edema
Follow a low salt diet
Avoid drinking too many fluids
If you are overweight or obese, try to lose weight and reduce the pressure on your lower limbs and joints
Elevate your legs above the level of your heart to keep swelling down and improve blood flow
If your ankles and feet are swollen during pregnancy, keep your legs elevated and lie on your side rather than your back
When you do lie down, place a pillow under your legs
Wear support or compression stockings to improve the flow of blood through the veins
Avoid leg swelling on long trips by standing up and walking around often or get up every hour
Exercise your feet and lower legs while sitting as this will help the veins move blood back toward the heart
Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
Try massage therapy, which stimulates blood flow and improves circulation

If a blocked or damaged blood vessel is suspected as one of the causes of edema, surgery may be needed to improve the flow of blood. Blood thinners may also be prescribed to treat blood clots, which can cause edema. As the clot begins to break down, fluid drainage improves and thus swelling is reduced.

Treating edema should include protecting any swollen, edematous areas of the body from pressure, injury and extreme temperatures. The skin over swollen areas becomes more fragile over time. Cuts, scrapes and burns in areas that have edema take much longer to heal and are open to infection.

883 days ago
replied the topic How to deal with insomnia? created by Urban

Insomnia is the inability to get the amount of sleep you need to wake up feeling rested and refreshed. Because different people need different amounts of sleep, insomnia is defined by the quality of your sleep and how you feel after sleeping—not the number of hours you sleep or how quickly you doze off. Even if you’re spending eight hours a night in bed, if you feel drowsy and fatigued during the day, you may be experiencing insomnia.

Symptoms of insomnia can include:
Difficulty falling asleep despite being tired
Trouble getting back to sleep when waking up in the night
Waking up too early in the morning
Relying on sleeping pills or alcohol to fall asleep
Not feeling refreshed after sleep
Daytime drowsiness, fatigue, or irritability
Difficulty concentrating during the day
Insomnia cures and treatments:
1. Stick to a regular sleep schedule
2. Avoid naps
3. Limit caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. 
4. Avoid late meals.
5. Get regular exercise.
6. Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cool. 
7. Avoid stimulating activity and stressful situations before bedtime. 
8. Turn off screens one hour before bedtime.
9. Use the bedroom only for sleeping and sex.
10. Get out of bed when you can’t sleep.
11. Move bedroom clocks out of view
It’s also helpful to challenge the negative attitudes about sleep and your insomnia problem that you’ve developed over time.

Challenging self-defeating thoughts that fuel insomnia
Self-defeating thought Vs Sleep-promoting comeback
Unrealistic expectations: I should be able to sleep well every night like a normal person.
Lots of people struggle with sleep from time to time. I will be able to sleep with practice.
Exaggeration: It’s the same every single night, another night of sleepless misery.
Not every night is the same. Some nights I do sleep better than others.
Catastrophizing: If I don’t get some sleep, I’ll tank my presentation and jeopardize my job.
I can get through the presentation even if I’m tired. I can still rest and relax tonight, even if I can’t sleep.
Hopelessness: I’m never going to be able to sleep well. It’s out of my control.
Insomnia can be cured. If I stop worrying so much and focus on positive solutions, I can beat it.
Fortune telling: It’s going to take me at least an hour to get to sleep tonight. I just know it.
I don’t know what will happen tonight. Maybe I’ll get to sleep quickly if I use the strategies I’ve learned.
Insomnia cures and treatments: Tackle daytime stress and worries

Residual stress, worry, and anger from your day can make it difficult to fall asleep as night.

Get help with stress management.If the stress of managing work, family, or school is keeping you awake at night, learning how to handle stress in a productive way and to maintain a calm, positive outlook can help you sleep better at night.
Talk over your worries during the day with a friend or loved one. Talking face to face with someone who cares about you is a great way to relieve stress and stop you rehashing worries when it’s time to sleep. The person doesn’t need to be able to fix your problems, but just needs to be an attentive, nonjudgmental listener.
Harnessing your body's relaxation response

If you feel wound up much of the time and unable to let go of stress at the end of the day, you may benefit from relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing. Not only do relaxation techniques help you quiet your mind and relieve tension in the body, but they also help you fall asleep faster and get back to sleep more quickly if you wake up in the middle of the night. Some popular smartphone apps can help guide you through the different relaxation methods, or you can follow these techniques:

Abdominal breathing. Breathing deeply and fully, involving not only the chest, but also the belly, lower back, and ribcage, can help relaxation. Close your eyes and take deep, slow breaths, making each breath even deeper than the last. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth.
Progressive muscle relaxation. Make yourself comfortable. Starting with your feet, tense the muscles as tightly as you can. Hold for a count of 10, and then relax. Continue to do this for every muscle group in your body, working your way up from your feet to the top of your head.
Mindfulness meditation. Sit quietly and focus on your natural breathing and on the way your body feels in the moment. Allow thoughts and emotions to come and go without judgment, always returning to focus on breath and your body.
It takes regular practice to learn these techniques and harness their stress-relieving power. But the benefits can be huge. You can do them as part of your bedtime routine, when you are lying down preparing for sleep, and if you wake up in the middle of the night.

Insomnia cures and treatments: Getting back to sleep if you wake up

While it’s normal to wake briefly during the night, if you’re having trouble falling back to sleep, the following tips may help.

Stay out of your head. The key to getting back to sleep is continuing to cue your body for sleep. Hard as it may be, try not to stress over your inability to fall asleep again, because that only encourages your body to stay awake. A good way to stay out of your head is to focus on the feelings and sensations in your body or to practice breathing exercises. Take a breath in, then breathe out slowly while saying or thinking the word, “Ahhh.” Take another breath and repeat.
Make relaxation (not sleep) your goal. If you find it hard to fall back asleep, try a relaxation technique such as visualization, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation, which can be done without even getting out of bed. Remind yourself that although they’re not a replacement for sleep, rest and relaxation still help rejuvenate your body.
Do a quiet, non-stimulating activity. If you’ve been awake for more than 15 minutes, get out of bed and do a quiet, non-stimulating activity, such as reading a book. Keep the lights dim so as not to cue your body clock to wake up. Avoid using electronic screens of any kind as the light they emit stimulates the brain.
Postpone worrying and brainstorming. If you wake at night feeling anxious about something, make a brief note of it on paper and postpone worrying about it until the next day when it will be easier to resolve. Similarly, if a great idea is keeping you awake, make a note of it and postpone thinking more about it until morning.
Insomnia cures and treatments: Sleep aids and sleeping pills

When you’re tossing and turning at night, it can be tempting to pop a pill for relief. However, no sleeping pill will cure the underlying cause of your insomnia, and some can even make the problem worse in the long run.

Dietary supplements for insomnia

There are many herbal supplements marketed for their sleep-promoting effects. Some remedies, such as lemon balm or chamomile tea, are generally harmless, while others can have side effects and interfere with other medications and vitamins you’re taking.

Two supplements for insomnia that are considered to be safe and effective are melatonin and valerian.

Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that your body produces at night. Melatonin supplements may be effective for short-term use, especially in reducing jet lag. However, there are potential side effects, including next-day drowsiness.
Valerian is an herb with mild sedative effects that may help you sleep better. However, the quality of valerian supplements varies widely.
Over the counter (OTC) sleep aids

The main ingredient in over-the-counter (OTC) sleeping pills is an antihistamine, generally taken for allergies, hay fever, and cold symptoms. Sleep experts generally advise against their use because of side effects, questions about their effectiveness, and lack of information about their safety over the long term.

Prescription sleeping pills for insomnia

Prescription sleep medications may provide temporary relief, but can have serious side effects and make insomnia worse in the long run. It’s best to use medication only as a last resort, and then, only on a very limited, as-needed basis. Evidence shows that lifestyle and behavioral changes make the largest and most lasting difference when it comes to insomnia.

When to seek professional insomnia treatment

If you’ve tried the insomnia self-help strategies above and are still having trouble getting the sleep you need, a doctor or sleep disorder specialist may be able to help. Seek professional help for insomnia if:

Your insomnia doesn’t respond to self-help
Your insomnia is causing major problems at home, work, or school
You’re experiencing scary symptoms like chest pain or shortness of breath
Your insomnia occurs almost every night and is getting worse
Bring a sleep diary with you. Your doctor may be able to diagnose an illness or sleep disorder that's causing your insomnia, or refer you to a sleep specialist or cognitive behavioral therapist.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia

CBT is aimed at breaking the cycle of insomnia. Poor sleep tends to lead to stress and anxious thoughts about not being able to sleep. This in turn leads to stress and tension, which leads to poor sleeping habits, such as the use of sleeping pills. This leads to worsening insomnia and so on.
In addition to improving sleep habits, CBT is aimed at changing thoughts and feelings about sleep that may be causing stress and contributing to your insomnia. A therapist may also recommend sleep restriction therapy, whereby you initially shorten your sleep time. The idea is that by limiting the time you spend in bed to the number of hours you actually sleep, say from 1 a.m. to 6 a.m., you'll spend less time awake and more time asleep. As your sleep efficiency increases you'll gradually start going to bed earlier and getting up later until you reach your optimum sleep schedule.

883 days ago
replied the topic What is your favorite quote? created by Jeffnaija

The slogan "press on" has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race

885 days ago
replied the topic What is your favorite quote? created by Jeffnaija

It's well...

885 days ago
replied the topic What is the key of friendship? created by bootup

The terms friend and friendship mean different things to different people and different things to the same people at different times. To think and communicate effectively about the topic, people find it necessary to use distinctions such as true friends, best friends, good friends, casual friends, work friends, social friends, and friendly acquaintances.
1. Take a genuine interest in others.
As we listen to others and show an interest in what is important to them, we begin to truly love and understand them. Every person has an invisible sign around his or her neck that reads, “I want to feel important.” Everyone has something to offer this world. We need to search for it, find it, and bring it to the surface.
2. Be a giver, not a taker
Ask not what your friends can give to you but rather what you can give to your friends. What can we give to others? How about a smile, a hug, a kind word, a listening ear, help with an errand, a prayer, an encouraging note, a meal? We can come up with many things to give others if we are willing to be attentive to their needs.
3. Be loyal.
Loyalty is a rare commodity in today’s world, but it’s an absolute requirement in true and abiding friendships. When we are loyal to one friend, we prove ourselves worthy of many.
One way we show our loyalty is through our words — or lack thereof. In fact, a key to being loyal is keeping a tight rein on our tongues. If we’re loyal, we won’t tear a friend down behind her back or share her personal story without her permission.
4. Be a positive person.
The most consistent comment I hear about what people want in friendships is this: “I want a friend I can laugh with.” We all want friends we can enjoy! People who consistently bring us down with their problems and complaints are generally not the ones we want to pal around with for any length of time. O f course, sometimes a friend will go through a difficult time, and we need to be ready and willing to hold a hand and provide a listening ear. But a friend in need is different than a habitual whiner. We want our friendships to be positive and uplifting — and that means we must be positive, uplifting friends ourselves.
5. Build on common interests.
What is it that brings friends together in the first place? There is usually something that draws us to others — a common hobby, a sport, a Bible study, a volunteer project, a children’s activity.
6. Appreciate the differences in others.
Each one of us is a unique creation. Mixed together we blend to form the body of Christ. The truth is, we will never find a perfect friend here on this earth (except Jesus). So let’s appreciate our differences, both the good and the bad.
7. Be open, honest, and real.
The word hypocrite originally described actors on a stage who covered their faces with masks to conceal their real identities. Today the word describes people who pretend to be something they’re not. True friendship cannot be built on false images,we must be true to ourselves.

885 days ago
replied the topic Best food for people with iron deficiency anemia created by singforyou

Iron defiency (anaemia) is caused by not getting enough iron from the foods you eat. Inadequate dietary iron intake is caused by consuming a diet low in iron-rich foods.
There are many causes of anaemia, but iron deficiency is the most common. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), iron deficiency is the top nutritional disorder in the world. Research suggests that as many as 80 percent of people in the world don’t have enough iron in their bodies. It also suggests that as many as 30 percent of people have anaemia due to prolonged iron deficiency.
Iron deficiency symptoms include:
pale skin
shortness of breath
brittle nails
fast heartbeat
strange cravings for ice or dirt, called pica
cold hands and feet
tingling or a crawling-feeling in the legs.
Best food for people with iron deficiency (anaemia) include:
meat, such as lamb, pork, chicken, and beef
beans, including soybeans Garbanzo Beans, Lima Beans, Kidney Beans
pumpkin and squash seeds,
sesame seed
leafy greens, such as spinach
raisins and other dried fruit
seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters
iron-fortified cereals .
Once you learn to identify iron-rich foods, you'll be able to include them in your cooking and by so doing establish a good diet.

886 days ago
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