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Would a common language develop in a fantasy world?5
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What type of product is listed on the website Zoopla?√ answered5
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Will vitamin D save my life?5
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Which present-day country boasts the birthplace of Jesus?5
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When were you last in a fight?5
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do women live longer than men do?√ answeredREWARD $2
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girls and dietting..???√ answered5
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Answers recently replied by bhatti

replied the topic In which modern country is the ancient city of Bukhara? created by wase60


1143 days ago
replied the topic WiseCleaner products for pc created by shahab

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1145 days ago
replied the topic how democracy exerts such an effect. created by metab

This would be considered by many to be a false statement (although the question is slightly subjective) since one of the purest forms of democracy existed in Ancient Greece, and the Greeks were engaged in countless wars.

1145 days ago
replied the topic What, then, is the relationship between beauty, as achieved by the artist, and truth? created by doll1

I died for beauty, but was scarce
Adjusted in the tomb,
When one who died for truth was lain
In an adjoining room.

He questioned softly why I failed?
“For beauty,” I replied.
“And I for truth - the two are one;
We brethren are,” he said.

And so, as kinsmen met a-night,
We talked between the rooms,
Until the moss had reached our lips,
And covered up our names.

1145 days ago
replied the topic Is that claim justified? created by zoolo

Yes, broadly speaking. Of course, no policy is completely divorced from that which came before it - and certainly the bipartisan consensus that existed to contain communism from roughly 1947 to 1972 played a part, as did the Soviet Union's own weaknesses. Success, as they say, has a thousand fathers while defeat is an orphan.

However, Mr. Reagan does deserve the credit that he gets. For starter, by the 1970s, the bipartisan consensus that had supported anti-communism had largely, though not entirely, collapsed. The Democratic party was, in no small measure because of the Vietnam War, badly divided over the issue. "Scoop" Jackson Democrats remained hawkish, while George McGovern Democrats had basically turned against it, such that Jimmy Carter would denounce the nation's "inordinate fear of Communism."

Thus, by the 1970s, Time Magazine ran a lead story saying that socialism was the future and the dominant ideology on the planet. However much there may have been journalistic hyperbole in that, there was no doubt that in the 70s the Soviet Union and its allies had spread well beyond the central Eurasian base where it had been largely held through the 60s. The Sandinistas seized power in Nicaragua, the Soviets, East Germans and Cubans were active in Africa - especially in Mozambique and Angola. South Vietnam, of course, had fallen, opening the door to communism in Laos and Cambodia, producing the "killing fields" and the Boat people. The Soviets had invaded Afghanistan and were, at the outset, winning handily. Even more significant, Europe looked set to split from the United States as a large anti-nuclear movement - later it turned out partly funded by the Soviets - was driving a wedge in the Atlantic Alliance.

To some degree these successes hid a number of Soviet weaknesses, but it is hard to understate the degree of demoralization in the West in the 70s. A demoralization that was compounded by the economic crisis in the West that decade. More concretely, Western intelligence sources of all stripes tended to underestimate these weaknesses, and to project further advances by the USSR and it allies. Thus, any leader operating on the assumption of Soviet weakness was, in effect, doing so without much empirical data to back him up. The intel simply was not there.

Yet, in effect, that was the assumption on which Reagan - and also Pope John Paul II and Margaret Thatcher - would operate. The surge in defense spending under Reagan caught the USSR at a moment when it was nearing its limits. Again, key to stress, that was not generally known in the West. Further, Reagan, by arming the Afghan rebels, turned what should have been a quick Soviet win into a prolonged quagmire.

A quagmire in which the Soviets still could have won if they had been free to deploy a greater share of their military assets to the fight. However, much had to be held back because of Reagan's defense increases combined with Reagan's de facto cooperation with China. The Soviets were thus stretched, and because of the limits of the Soviet economic model they also had no capacity to expand those resources. Indeed, it is generally forgotten that by the 80s, the Soviets could not even produce enough food to feed themselves let alone produce more weapons and place more of the labor force under arms.

To all of this was added Reagan's perseverance is deploying medium range nuclear weapons in Europe - to which he owed Mrs. Thatcher an eternal debt of gratitude. It was a deeply unpopular move, but it reassured Europe that "America would sacrifice Washington for Paris," thereby damping down anti-nuclear sentiment and forcing center-left parties in Europe back to a more anti-communist course.

To this then was added the small but symbolically hugely important U.S. invasion of Grenada in 1983. Though not huge, it was the largest post-Vietnam military operation by the United States until the invasion of Panama in 1989 and it deeply shocked the Soviet leadership. The Brezhnev Doctrine had held that where communism had taken power, there it would remain. Now, all of a sudden on a piece of, albeit small, socialist real estate, the United States had marched in and shown the Brezhnev Doctrine to be a paper tiger. It was a success, it helped the U.S. shale off the so-called "Vietnam Syndrome" and it had shown that the U.S. military had begun to regain the proficiency it had lost after the Vietnam drawdown. (Their had been much mirth in the Kremlin over the U.S. disastrously failed attempt to rescue the Iran hostages only a few years earlier.)

To this must then be added missile defense - "Star Wars." If Grenada shocked Moscow, Star Wars caused a full on panic. The Soviets realized that they were not keeping up - even if Western intelligence did not - and the fear was that Star Wars would neutralize the USSR's last great superpower advantage - nuclear weapons. Whether the concept was actually doable or not, Reagan convinced the Soviets that he could do it, and they did everything they could to stop it. As Gorbachev himself later wrote, when he offered the abolition of nuclear weapons - which was Reagan's dream - and Reagan still refused to give up Star Wars in return, Gorbachev said he knew that the game was up. From that point on, things began to unravel with a surprising - certainly to the West - rapidity.

To all of this must be added what Reagan did in re-energizing the West's belief in itself. It is hard for people who did not live in that period to imagine how demoralized the West was by the 70s. In that context, Reagan's speeches were nothing short of electrifying - and terrifying. As one wag put it, "Reagan had them standing up saluting the flag - but their knees were knocking."

Still, it was astonishing. Phrases like "the evil empire" seemed to be verified as the scenes of the killing fields and the gulag and the shooting down of the South Korean airliner gained greater publicity. Reagan's call to "tear down this wall" and his conviction - right as it turned out - that communism would end up on the "ash heap of history," made in speeches at home and abroad seemed to turn the world on its head. Communism, seen from the West, had been on the march in the 70s and now suddenly, unexpectedly, Reagan was saying the West is superior and here is the evidence.

Add to this papacy of Pope John Paul II. One in three Poles see the Polish pope producing an unprecedented and gargantuan upwelling of Polish pride and nationalism right in the heart of communism - where, pace Marx, nationalism was supposed to have died. The Thatcher Government in Britain also did its part by giving free market economics a new catchet in a European context.

1145 days ago
replied the topic laptop problems created by shahab

Start, control panel, windows mobility center
Click on the little box in the keyboard brightness area. You can make the settings there.

Manual key functions are F6 on some models and other models, press the Fn button and the arrow key controls the backlit keyboard functions.

1186 days ago
Get free dollars by installing euask App.