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Тройка выдающихся ученых Reward $2
Created by ChessKing, 394 days ago, 1271 views

Я преподаватель колледжа Киева.Студенты меня спрашивают разные вопросы.Вот один из них.Назовите первую тройку выдающихся ученых не получивших Нобелевскую премию.
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1

brendaniel393 days ago

@ChessKing
вот список из 10 ученого, который не получил Нобелевскую премию
http://listverse.com/2011/11/05/10-scientists-robbed-of-a-nobel-prize/

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2

brendaniel394 days ago

@ChessKing

1. Исаак Ньютон - Исаак Ньютон жил с 1643 до 1727. Первые Нобелевские премии были удостоены в 1901 году так Исаак Ньютон не получил Нобелевскую премию.

2. Майкл Фарадей - Майкл Фарадей не получил Нобелевскую премию. На самом деле, он умер в 1867 году почти 30 лет, прежде чем он был создан.

3. Джеймс Максвелл C - Джеймс Клерк Максвелл (13 июня 1831 - 5 ноября 1879 г.) был шотландский математик и физик-теоретик. Его самым значительным достижением стало развитие классической электромагнитной теории, синтезируя все предыдущие несвязанных наблюдения, эксперименты и уравнения электричества, магнетизма и оптики даже в последовательной теории. Он не выиграл ни Нобелевской премии.

Дополнительная являются: Никола Тесла и Томас Эдисон
Томас Эдисон и Тесла были упомянуты в пресс-рассылки в качестве потенциальных лауреатов, чтобы разделить Нобелевскую премию 1915 года, что привело к одному из нескольких спорами Нобелевской премии. Некоторые источники не утверждают, что из-за их враждебности друг к другу и не было дано награду, несмотря на их научный вклад; что каждый стремится свести к минимуму достижений друга и право выиграть награду; что оба отказались когда-либо принять награду, если другой получил его в первую очередь; и что оба отверг любую возможность обмена его.
В последующие годы после этих слухов, ни Тесла, ни Эдисон выиграл премию (хотя Эдисон сделал получить один из 38 возможных предложений в 1915 году, и Тесла действительно получил одну заявку из 38 в 1937 году). Ранее, в одиночку Тесла, по слухам, был номинирован на Нобелевскую премию 1912 года по слухам кандидатура была в первую очередь для его экспериментов с настроенными схем с использованием высоковольтных высокочастотных резонансных трансформаторов.

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3

Aravi394 days ago

Hi @ChessKing

Kindly find the below link :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nobel_laureates_by_country

Sir some of the commonly know Nobel prize winners: -

Albert Einstein

Who better to kick off this list than perhaps the most famous scientist in the history of the world? Albert Einstein won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for discovering the cause of the "photoelectric effect." This was a perplexing phenomenon in which atoms, when bombarded with light, emitted electrons. In 1905, Einstein argued that light was divided into discrete packets (which we now call photons). He theorized that, when these light packets struck atoms, electrons in those atoms absorbed them, and, with the extra energy, wrested free of the atoms that bound them.

The fact that light is composed of particles that are absorbed and emitted by atoms was just one of Einstein's many revolutionary discoveries. He also came up with the theories of special and general relativity, and discovered that matter and energy are equivalent (as embodied in the equation E=mc²). A true polymath — within science, at least — he even wrote a paper explaining why the average "meandering ratio" of a river — the ratio of its length to the distance between its source and mouth as the crow flies — is equal to pi.

Marie Curie & Co.

Marie Curie was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes, and is one of only two people in the history of the Nobels to win in two different fields. She and her husband Pierre, along with Henri Becquerel, won the Physics Prize in 1903 for their discovery of radioactivity. She then won for chemistry in 1911 for discovering the elements radium and polonium and investigating their properties. [What Everyday Things Around Us Are Radioactive?]

The Curies are the darlings of the Nobel Prizes. On top of Marie and Pierre's wins, their daughter Irene Joliot-Curie received the chemistry prize in 1935 together with her husband, Frédéric. And Henry Labouisse, the husband of Marie Curie's second daughter, was the director of UNICEF when the international organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965.


Sir Alexander Fleming & Co.

The 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine went to Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Chain and Sir Howard Florey for their discovery of penicillin, a fungus, and its use as an antibiotic.

Common wisdom has it that Sir Alexander made the discovery accidentally when he ate a piece of moldy bread and became cured of an infectious disease. The grain of truth in the story is that the discovery was indeed an accident. Fleming went away on vacation in August 1928 and returned to his laboratory in early September to discover that a fungus had developed in a stack of Petri dishes containing bacteria. The bacteria had died in the dishes immediately surrounding the fungus, while bacteria in the dishes farther away were unaffected.

Fleming spent the next couple of decades investigating the antibacterial effects of what he at first called "mould juice" and later named "penicillin" after the fungus' genus (Penicillium). Chain and Florey contributed by conducting rigorous clinical trials that proved the great usefulness of penicillin and figuring out how to purify and produce it in bulk.

Penicillin cures staph infections, scarlet fever, gonorrhea, pneumonia, meningitis, diphtheria, syphilis and other serious infectious diseases.

Hermann Muller

In 1946, an American named Hermann Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering that radiation causes mutations. A biologist by training, he spent the 1920s investigating the effects of X-rays on various organisms and in 1926 found a clear link between radiation exposure and lethal mutations. In the following years, Muller worked tirelessly to publicize the grave dangers of radiation exposure. When his work was recognized by the Nobel Committee, it drew public attention to the health effects of nuclear fallout, especially in the wake of the 1945 atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

For the remainder of his life, Muller was a leading voice in the campaign against nuclear weapons testing and worked to diffuse the threat of nuclear war. [How Many Genetic Mutations Do I Have?]

Watson, Crick & Wilkins

Francis Crick and James Watson won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962 for their discovery that DNA is shaped like a double helix. Maurice Wilkins shared the prize with them for producing some of the earliest evidence in support of their claim — he used a technique called X-ray crystallography to map out the shape of the DNA molecule.

Their prize remains controversial because of who was left off the list of honorees. Watson and Crick formed their hypothesis on the shape of DNA in 1953 only after analyzing an X-ray diffraction image of DNA taken by a biophysicist named Rosalind Franklin a year earlier. (The image was shown to Watson and Crick without her knowledge.) Franklin had already written a draft of her paper on the helical form of DNA before Watson and Crick wrote theirs, but her contributions were overlooked for years. Franklin was never able to make her case to the Nobel Committee. Watson, Crick and Wilkins received the honor four years after she died. [New World Record: Largest Human DNA Helix]


Werner Heisenberg

Heisenberg received the physics prize in 1932 for discovering the underlying principles of quantum mechanics, the rules that govern the behavior of subatomic particles.

Quantum mechanics completely changed our understanding of reality. It says that light, electrons, atoms and, indeed, all things act simultaneously like particles and like waves. The so-called "uncertainty principle" follows from that; it states that it is impossible to know with perfect accuracy both a particle's position and its velocity. Know where a particle is, and you have no idea where it is going, or how fast. Yet another curious aspect of quantum mechanics is that it shows there is no reality — at least not on the atomic scale — that exists independently of our observations of it.


Regards,

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4

ChessKing393 days ago

Первый ответ более корректен но он лишь об ученых-физиках.А ведь химики, биологи,математики это ж тоже ученые.Я думаю Ломоносов,Тесла,а вот кто третий?

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5

Danyil393 days ago

Мария Склодовская-Кюри, по физике в 1903 и по химии в 1911.
Лайнус Полинг, по химии в 1954 и премия мира в 1962.
Джон Бардин, две премии по физике, в 1956 и 1972.

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